The findings offer clues that could one day lead to treatments for the neurological condition, which causes movement problems and tremors.
Parkinsonâs occurs when specialised nerve cells in the brain are destroyed. These cells are responsible for producing an important chemical called dopamine.
When these cells die, or become damaged, the loss of dopamine causes body movements to become impaired. Once these cells are lost from the human brain, they cannot be repaired or replaced.
In zebrafish, however, dopamine-producing nerve cells are constantly replaced by dedicated stem cells in the brain, the researchers found.
Researchers say understanding the immune signals that facilitate replacement of these nerve cells could hold vital clues to developing treatments for people.
The study, published in the Journal of Neuroscience, was funded by UK Research and Innovation through the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council and Medical Research Council.
Dr Thomas Becker, of the University of Edinburghâs Centre for Discovery Brain Sciences, said: âWe were excited to find that zebrafish have a much higher regenerative capacity for dopamine neurons than humans. Understanding the signals that underpin regeneration of these nerve cells could be important for identifying future treatments for Parkinsonâs disease.â